Author: Dr. Zul Paliwalla | June 8th, 2019
You finally removed your third molars before they can mess up your oral health. Now, you have to focus on caring for yourself to get back on your feet in no time. You need to play it safe and follow all your dentist’s aftercare instructions properly to prevent any complications.
After wisdom teeth extraction, patients may experience temporary bleeding, bruising, discomfort, and swelling. It can take up to two weeks for an individual to fully recover. But if you look after the extraction wound properly, you can help yourself heal as quickly as possible.
Recovery from wisdom tooth extraction is gradual but a person should see improvements each day. The healing process is divided into the following stages immediately after the tooth extraction:
24 hours: blood clots start to form
Note that the recovery time will vary for everyone. If blood clots get dislodged or the wound becomes infected, recovery may take longer than usual. How you care for yourself after the surgery makes all the difference in your recovery.
After the surgery, you’ll need plenty of rest so plan to keep your activities down to a minimum. You may actually need someone to take you home after the procedure. It’s also advisable that you ask a friend or relative to watch over you for the first 24 hours post-extraction.
Most patients will feel a bit dizzy following the surgery. You may also feel light-headed if you stand up abruptly. Remember, your prescribed medications can also make you feel dizzy or sleepy so before standing, sit for at least one minute then get up.
For at least two days, apply ice packs on the outside of your mouth alternately (20 minutes on and 20 minutes off) as this will help minimize the swelling. If your tooth got infected before removal, your dentist may ask you to use warm compresses instead of ice.
For the first day after your surgical procedure, your mouth won’t be able to chew anything more than soft foods. Do away with hard foods for several days and munch on yogurt, mashed potatoes, pudding, soup, or soft noodles instead. Once the bleeding stops, drink lots of cold or lukewarm fluids to keep yourself hydrated.
Expect some bleeding after the surgery. In this case, you should keep a gauze pad over the extraction area for about 30 minutes after surgery. If you’re experiencing heavy bleeding, bite down on a gauze pad or place your fingers over the pad for 30 minutes before removing it.
Another good alternative for a gauze pad is a moistened tea bag. Use the tea bag for the same amount of time. The tannic acid present in tea will help contract bleeding vessels and the blood clot set.
Discoloration or some bruising is common after an extraction procedure. Due to blood spreading beneath the tissues, the development of black, blue, or yellow discoloration may occur. This is normal and may occur two to three days post-surgery.
The blood clot is crucial for quick healing. Avoid drinking through a straw, spitting, or smoking for at least three days as this can remove the blood clot. This is critical to avoiding a painful condition called “dry socket.”
This is the time that you can slack off on brushing your teeth. Brushing can disturb your stitches so if you must, only use mouthwash to rinse your mouth on the first day.
After 24 hours, you may go back to your daily oral care routine. Rinse your mouth with warm saltwater and brush your teeth but do avoid the stitched area for the meantime.
As directed by your dentist, take prescribed antibiotics and pain medications for infection. Moreover, if you’re taking a strong narcotic medication for pain, you shouldn’t be driving home, operate any machinery, or drink alcoholic beverages.
Using tobacco products can hamper the healing process and increase the risk of complications. For the first 24 hours, avoid smoking as much as possible. Also, avoid chewing tobacco for at least a week.
Aspirin is a blood thinner which can delay clot formation and hamper the healing process. So, only take your prescribed medications.
Your dentist may need to see you again in a few days or ask you to call if any problems turn up. Any pain and swelling you feel should be improving each day. But, do call your dentist right away if you experience any of the following:
Having your wisdom teeth removed is the smartest decision you can make to prevent tooth decay and achieve a healthy mouth. For a successful surgery, work with a dentist who knows how to get you through the procedure without complications.
Keep in mind that no two mouths are alike. Although recommendations from friends are well-intended, it’s best to discuss your problem with a medical expert you are comfortable with and who is knowledgeable about your dental concerns.
Dr. Zul Paliwalla is the General and Cosmetic British Dentist at NOA Dental Clinic, specializing in smile-related concerns. With over 33 years of experience in the UK, Dr. Zul has successfully worked on and improved many internationally recognized smiles. He is a certified Invisalign® GOLD provider as well and has brought his elite expertise to Dubai not only to enjoy the sun, sea and sand, but also to offer his brand of personalized smile makeovers.